Yesterday your pipsqueak agukal funny, others pricked her smile. And today he goes to kindergarten, and the school is not far off. Perhaps he even knows all, or almost all of the letters, recited poems and generally very intelligent child. But you haunts the idea that it is something wrong. Of course! The kid did not pronounce the letter "r". And it is, at best - at worst a baby at all in your mouth can be a real "mess"!
What should parents do in such a situation? It would seem that the answer is obvious - speech therapy exercises can help solve the problem. That's right, but only partly. You should not rush things and try to correct the defect in children younger than five years. Speech therapists explain - in the case if the child develops harmoniously, does not have any - any problems with the articulatory apparatus, the sound "r" in his speech will only appear to age five. This sound - the most recent, which appears at the kid.
However, in some cases, a pipsqueak can not pronounce the letter "P" on their own. In this case, be sure to show the child to the doctor - dentist - half of all such cases, the cause of the problem is shortened hyoid bridle. In this case the problem can be solved very simply - just cut it. The operation takes less than ten seconds, and by the evening the baby completely forget about it.
But in the second half of the cases for the production of the letter "p", most likely, the child will need speech therapy. However, in most cases, parents can try to do it yourself. To do this, you need quite a bit - free time, patience and knowing what to do.
Speech therapy sessions with the kid - a process long enough, so do not expect that the child will begin to pronounce the letter "r" at the end of the first session. Before proceeding directly to the formulation of sound, it is necessary to prepare the speech apparatus and lungs. For this ideal the following exercises:
To the child correctly pronouncing the letter "r", you must teach him how to breathe correctly. To do this, try the baby with a similar exercise: Ask your child to breathe deeply, and then not merely exhale and blow strongly, as if blowing out a candle imagined, causing it to vibrate at the lips.
Parents should pre own practice, to demonstrate to the child. By the way - some speech therapists advise to facilitate a child to use a real candle problem. But, of course, in any case not allowed to forget about fire safety. This exercise the child must repeat at least ten times.
The kid has to completely relax the tongue and squeeze it between your teeth. Then you need to take a deep breath and exhale with force, some pronouncing - or vowel, causing the tongue to vibrate. The language itself and the lips of the child must be at the same time completely relaxed. In order to verify the correctness of the exercise, you must bring the child's hand to his mouth - if everything is correct, you will feel a sharp stream of cold air. This exercise must be about ten times in a row.
No less useful and so-called "clip-clop" language. Ask your child to sound gait horse - pre-show your child how to do it. The tongue must first touch the surface of the entire sky, and then plummet down. In order for this exercise to bring the expected benefits, you must follow the lower jaw of the child - it should be relaxed. Continue this exercise should be about one minute.
Ask your child to open his mouth so that the gap between the teeth was about two fingers. Ask your toddler to lift the tongue and touch them to the sky - the bridle should be as tense. Language must be held in this position for as long as possible.
After a week of preparatory exercises, you can proceed directly to the implementation of articulation exercises. In the arsenal of speech therapists have a very large number of a wide variety of exercises, but we will tell only about the most effective of them. Thus, speech therapy exercises - letter P:
This exercise is one of the most effective not just for the letter "r", but also for the purity of speech in general. Ask crumbs smile and wide open mouth. Then start to cycle through "one - two". On each of your child should translate through the tip of a busy language lips from one corner to another. The lower jaw kid should at all times remain stationary exercise. The duration of this exercise - about two minutes.
Starting position for this exercise is similar to the previous - ask crumbs smile and open the mouth. Next, show your child how to hold a relaxed language on the sky in the direction of the teeth in my throat, like a brush on paper. The lower jaw of the child should be fixed. Time of the exercises - five minutes.
Ask crumbs smile and slightly open mouth. Strained his tongue pipsqueak should mimic the movement of the toothbrush of the upper teeth. Movements should be very diverse - and up - down, and circular. The duration of exercise should be about three minutes.
Again, ask your baby's mouth open. The child must tense her tongue turns touching each tooth of the upper row on the inside. In just one session the child should count their teeth at least ten times. The lower jaw crumbs must always remain stationary.
Ask your child to smile broadly and open her mouth. A relaxed language must be recorded in heaven, and then ten times to open and close the mouth. After that, the child should be a couple of minutes to completely relax all the muscles of the face.
Ask your baby open his mouth. Without closing it, the baby should be clearly and repeatedly pronouncing the sound "dd-dd." Make sure that all the time his tongue against the upper teeth, and his mouth was open. The duration of this exercise - three minutes.
Starting position - all the same: open mouth. The tip of the tongue of the child should make the upper teeth, and then pronounce the sound "zzzz". The duration of exercise - three minutes.
Pronouncing the sound "P" in a conversation
Once your child has mastered all of the above exercises, you can move on to the next phase - the formulation of a solid sound pronunciation "p". To begin, ask the child to do the following:
The intense need to press the tip of the tongue to the sky, and the edges of language - to the upper molars Zubkov. After that, the child should try to pronounce the letter "r". If you succeed, the tip of the tongue should vibrate.
In that case, if everything is done correctly, the sound was clear and strong. If it does not, start all over again.
However, despite the fact that your child may be at the request to pronounce the sound "r", do not hurry to rejoice and to assume that the job is done. Of course - this is a big breakthrough, but not all, but only half. It is necessary to automate the correct pronunciation of the sound during a conversation a child. But to start it only after the child learns easily pronounce the "r" in isolation. Otherwise, all your efforts will go down the drain.
Automation pronunciation of sounds "p" - a very laborious task that can take a very long time. At first, the child will need to learn how to pronounce the letter "r" in separate syllables, then - in the words, and then - in the proposals. And only after that we can expect the normal pronunciation of the letter "p" in spontaneous speech.
First, you need to teach your child good pronounce the letter "r" in the composition of the syllables with consonants - such as pr .. Wed ... Once the child has mastered this pronunciation, proceed to the next stage - the pronunciation of the sound "r" in direct syllables, such as RA ..pa ... And only after that you can teach a child to pronounce the sound "r" at the end of words.
After all these steps will begin immediately automation pronunciation of letters. In this task, you will help a variety of poems and tongue twisters chistogovorki. They are very effective to automate the pronunciation of the letter "p", but only on the condition that they will be picked up according to age group. And it is quite clear - because speech therapy exercises for children 3 years will be largely different from the same exercises, designed for older children.
Finally I would like to repeat once again - not in a hurry and do not rush things. It is unlikely that you will be able to cope with the task in two - three weeks or even a month. The average sound production sound "p" takes about three months, although in some cases it may be to take both larger and less time.
Get enough patience, and in any case, do not scold the child in the event that something turns out he is not the first time. In the event that a class will occur under pressure and in a tense atmosphere and their efficiency is much lower. Therefore, the child should always feel the support of their parents and do it with pleasure. And do not forget to show the child's speech therapist!