Unfortunately, not always two stripes on the test cause boundless joy. Life sometimes presents a variety of surprises, not always pleasant. And the situation is such that a woman decides to terminate her pregnancy. We respect the choice of the woman, so we will not give any assessment of the moral and ethical side of the issue. But since much situation like this, let's see which one will be the least of all evils.
Of course, the safest thing for the health of the woman an abortion in the early stages. The reason is very simple. What happens to a woman's body after fertilization? He begins to rebuild quickly adapting to his new status. And these changes are happening every day, and are increasingly active. Then the fruit is removed from the body. The organism is present in the shock. As you know, the complications can be unpredictable.
And increasing gestation, the more these same changes in the organism. And that means, and the "shock" of the body will be stronger, the greater the period of pregnancy. And to ignore this fact is by no means impossible, because complications can be very, very serious - from hormonal disorders secondary to the development of futility. That is why doctors recommend not to play for time, since you have taken such a decision. Of course, the termination of pregnancy in the early stages, too, no sugar. But it is much safer abortions carried out at a later date.
And we must remember that for an abortion after 12 weeks of pregnancy, you need very good conditions. And get permission for such abortion is extremely difficult. But nothing of the harm caused by the body, and can not speak. Do not be so risk their health. Let's look at ways to abortion in the early stages.
In recent years become increasingly popular medical abortion in the early stages. The essence of such a method is simple - taking certain drugs that block the production of the hormone responsible for maintaining pregnancy - progesterone. For obvious reasons, we will not give the names of these drugs - medical abortion should be performed under strict medical supervision.
Abortion itself is performed in three steps:
Consultation and examination of gynecologist
Immediately before the abortion the woman should be examined by a gynecologist. The doctor will conduct a manual inspection on the gynecological chair, ultrasound examination of the uterus - is necessary to determine the exact gestational age and individual characteristics of the female organism. After that, the doctor should ensure that no woman contraindications to the use of the drug, which is used to terminate pregnancy.
In that case, if the barriers to medical abortion doctor did not discover the woman is a detailed account of the medicine and the principle of its operation. After that the woman should be mandatory to sign a contract for the provision of medical services.
After a woman takes pills for some time it should stay in the hospital, under the strict supervision of a gynecologist. Typically, it takes several hours. It is in the first few hours after taking the drug the body can react negatively to it. Therefore, doctors and reinsured.
After that the woman goes home. Within two days to begin bleeding, the duration of which can be quite long - up to two weeks. It was at this time and there is a complete expulsion of ovum from the uterus. Typically, this process is quite smooth. But in some cases, can be observed phenomena such as headache, nausea and nagging pain in your lower abdomen. In such cases, it would be wise to inform your doctor, to carry out an abortion.
Final inspection of woman
Two weeks later, a woman must necessarily seem gynecologist. The doctor will examine the woman hold ultrasound to make sure that the recovery of the body is normal.
In principle, this method of abortion in the early stages has many of its advantages:
There is no risk of mechanical damage to the uterus.
No chance of infection.
There is no need to use anesthetic drugs.
A very short period of operation.
Minimal risk of secondary infertility, which is particularly important for the more nulliparous women.
But not for nothing that an expression about a fly in the ointment. There are also some disadvantages - to be more precise, two. Firstly, a drug for interruption of pregnancy in the early stages - the hormone. And the dose of this hormone is high enough. So, there is a risk of disruption of the normal hormonal levels.
Secondly, quite often there are cases when the fertilized egg is not completely out. In this case, you still have to resort to scraping the uterine cavity. And the risk of acute endometritis increased significantly. By the way, if you have a medical abortion after the fever and had severe abdominal pain immediately call the brigade "first aid"! Most likely, you have inflamed lining of the uterus.
There are a number of contraindications to medical abortion:
Individual intolerance of one or another component of the medication.
Violation of the normal process of blood clotting.
Acute diseases or aggravate chronic disease.
Pregnancy, which came after the failure of an intrauterine device.
Presence of malignant tumors in women.
Uterine fibroids, endometriosis.
Active smoking (more than 10 cigarettes per day).
Of course, up to you. But about this method of abortion is to consult with several doctors.
The vacuum - aspiration
In that case, if the gestational age is less than five weeks, your doctor may suggest an abortion using vacuum aspiration, or as it is commonly called mini-abortion. Vacuum aspiration relates to surgical methods of abortion. Incidentally, it is a mini-abortion is by far the most common.
To perform abortion inserted into the vagina a vacuum aspirator having huge view of the syringe with a nozzle, through which will be removed from the uterine cavity ovum. Doctor using aspirator vacuum creates a negative pressure of the uterine cavity, resulting in an instantaneous separation of the embryo from the uterus mucosa.
The average duration of such an abortion - 5 minutes. In most cases, it is performed under general anesthesia, if a woman has no contraindications. But even in this case it is not worth very much afraid. Of course, feelings are not the most pleasant, but it is quite possible to suffer them. As a rule, immediately after vacuum aspiration performed ultrasound - the doctor will look completely whether to remove the fertilized egg. Very often, but still, there are times when you want additional curettage.
Mini abortion is fairly gentle way of termination of pregnancy, but it can lead to some complications:
Intense pain in the lower abdomen, menstrual disorders.
Violation of hormonal levels.
Inflammation of the genitourinary system.
Although, in fairness, it should be noted that such complications occur rarely - in 5-7% of all cases.
Traditional surgical abortion
Traditional surgical abortion performed before 12 weeks of pregnancy. This method has been used for pregnancy very long time - many decades. To start a woman has to undergo a full medical examination: blood tests and tests for various infections, visit a gynecologist, ultrasound examination to clarify the pregnancy.
Previously, such an abortion is performed under local anesthesia, to date, almost all cases, such intervention is performed under general anesthesia. During a woman's vagina are special tools - expanders in which the cervix opens. After that, the doctor scrapes the fruit of a special sharp instrument - curette.
In some clinics all this whole procedure is performed under ultrasound - is at times reduces the risk of possible complications. A complication, unfortunately, there are very, very often:
Perforation (tampering) uterine damage to the cervix.
Strong breakthrough bleeding.
Violation of the normal process of blood clotting.
Infection of the uterus.
The development of secondary infertility.
As you can see, the outlook is not very bright, so if you decided to terminate the pregnancy, try to have an abortion as soon as possible. After vacuum aspiration brings much less harm to the body of woman. And be sure to consult with your doctor about the future of contraception. Abortion in any case should not become a means of family planning. Take care of your health!