Yellow sand desert oasis blessed islands, minarets and white walls of fortresses ... Do you think that all this - a description of some exotic country in the Middle East? Not at all. In order to see with their own eyes sultry desert, plunge into the bustling polyphony of the bazaar or step under the shadow of the fortress walls, the stones of which are moth-time, it is not necessary to go to the troubled Saudi Arabia or Syria. Travel to Uzbekistan would be a great alternative for those who want to step out of everyday life in the modern fairy tale of thousand and one nights. Especially if you chose to ignore the services of airlines, and go conquer the vastness of Uzbekistan's own off-road driving.
What to take to the road?
What is the beginning of any journey? Of course - fees. Especially if you go on a road trip. Any avtoputeshestvennika knows that the quality of rest "on wheels" depends on how carefully you prepare your car for many kilometers distances. All equipment necessary for travel can be divided into several groups.
- Money and documents. These are the two components, without which it is impossible to realize your ambitious plans. First of all, carefully plan out your budget, do not forget that the main part of the route runs through the territory of another State where there own currency.
For a trip to Uzbekistan you need: the whole package of documents on the machine, the Russian driver's license, passport of a Russian citizen, passport (it is worth recalling that for the citizens of Russia on the territory of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan visa-free regime of entry) and medical insurance.
The bulk of the funds are best kept in the bank card. But it is necessary to consult in advance with your bank, whether the card is valid on the territory of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. In case of theft or loss of the card, you can easily block it and thus protect your money. But it goes without cash will fail. So-called "contingency" is best provided in advance, stores or gas stations on the way to the steppe or desert can be, but there is an ATM, you can hardly find.
Spare parts. The main load during autotravel falls on the car. And so it is best to take care of its technical condition, and have available spare parts, fuel cans, motor oil and antifreeze.
GPS-navigator and maps. Nobody wants to lose their well-deserved vacation time, straying on unfamiliar roads. GPS-navigator and a map to help you navigate the terrain.
Personal belongings, hygiene and drinking water supply.
Communication and chargers. Going on a trip by car, do not forget has become such a familiar mobile phone. Pre-recharge and check with your mobile operator for the cost of outgoing calls and SMS roaming. If you want to spend a long time in another country, then using the SIM card of local mobile operators, you reduce the cost of telephone calls. It is useful to have a charger that allows you to charge your phone from a car battery.
The camera or video camera and chargers for them. The fact that a journey must be the means by which you can write down your impressions, then to show your friends and acquaintances do not need reminding. Just be sure that it was enough to bring memory cards, tapes, etc. Because this journey you will have that record.
Well, things are collected, the route selected. Onward to adventure!
How to pave the way to Uzbekistan?
Before a trip by car to Uzbekistan, you could hardly imagine how intricately mixed culture of Europe and Asia in Russia. Do not believe? Then lay your route through Tatarstan and Bashkiria.
Peaked white mosque Kazan: al-Madzhani, Nurullah, Azimov and the Kul-Sharif in harmony with the Lutheran Church of St. Catherine, the Kazan Mother of God Monastery and the Peter and Paul Cathedral. Incidentally, Kazan has a "falling" Suyumbike tower, one of the highest in Europe. A central, historic part of town - it is a living testimony to the close interlacing of cultures.
Bashkiria, with its horse-breeding factories, mare's milk and beshbarmak ... It seems that at any time to come down from the mountain Yamantau khan army riding on thoroughbred horses.
For autotravellers important will be the fact that the route, which passes the route are Republican or Russian value. So, along the way you can get technical assistance if necessary. Or get a night in a roadside motel with a guarded parking and a cafe.
Bashkiria mountain scenery outside the window of your car quietly replaced the endless expanses of steppe, and it means that you are close to the next stage of the journey to Uzbekistan - the first crossing of the state border.
If you properly execute all documents, the problems crossing the border of Kazakhstan should arise. The only thing worth mentioning especially - is filling the customs declaration. Brings it all! Starting from personal items and jewelry, and ending with a mobile phone on the road that you did not have any trouble. If you do not think in advance about how to trade in the Russian ruble tenge, you can do it at the border.
The road through the steppe of Kazakhstan
Perhaps the most difficult and the most desolate part of your trip will be the way to Kazakhstan. Boundless steppes, small towns and a few tent nomadic herders - that's the whole civilization. Therefore, in order not to be left without fuel in the midst of the road, gasoline stocks in advance. By the way, the first lessons of the oriental hospitality you get it in the steppes of Kazakhstan. Wherever you make a stop at the shepherd's yurt standing alone or in a small adobe home village, you first this will give to drink green tea, and then later asked about the purpose of your visit.
It is not possible, as in Kazakhstan, Balkhash not visit the unique natural phenomenon, half salt and half fresh water lake that affects its pristine beauty and purity of water. Habitat nomadic and sedentary peoples of Asia, known since the eighth century. Numerous hostels and campgrounds located on its coast, will become a place of rest, a kind of oasis in the desert, enabling them to enjoy the fresh air before the next segment of the path.
After a rest on the coast of Lake Balkhash and gain strength, you can go to the next stage of your journey, which also starts from the border crossing. Here you and need your declaration form carefully. Judging by the reviews autotravellers, the border between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan - is not the place that you will remember with a smile. Therefore, it is best to cross the well rested and collected. And again, remember our advice in the beginning of the article? You should have with you some of the money in the local Uzbek currency - soum.
Tashkent - the city of a thousand fountains
Whatever difficulties may be related to border-crossing Uzbekistan, believe me, is their Tashkent
. The capital of Uzbekistan - the city of a thousand fountains, the city of Peace, Friendship city, capital of the Islamic culture
. These are just a few of the adjectives that rewards tourist town, once set foot on the fertile ground of Tashkent
. This city is one of the clearest examples of resistance
. It literally brick by brick recreated after the earthquake of 1966
. Then died and most of the architectural values
. Now Tashkent is the epitome of architectural ideas of modern architects
. Modern buildings result in admiration
. Here, in a seismic zone, multi-storey buildings in spite of everything proudly flock to the heights
. On the beauty of Tashkent fountains and parks can talk endlessly
. The capital of Uzbekistan - a very green city - despite almost pyatidesyatigradusnuyu the heat of summer, you will not find a single piece of land that had not been ennobled and landscaped sensitive hands of local residents
. Tashkent metro, too, is an architectural work of art, some even say, that Tashkent metro prettier Moscow
. But be that as it may, it is in any case is the only one in Central Asia
Modern hotels are always ready to take you in their walls. It is worth noting that in Uzbekistan you have to register their place of residence on the third day after your arrival. But this problem will not arise if you settle only those hotels that are eligible to register. This information is required to give you at the reception.
Samarkand - the pearl of the east
For anyone who travels by car, a nice surprise will be the quality of roads in Uzbekistan. They meet all modern requirements and standards, because of no small importance is the sector of the economy of Uzbekistan tourist business. And one of the brightest jewels in the crown assumed the East Samarkand.
Since ancient times, Samarkand was still Sogdiana, education was considered the capital of the East. Numerous ancient madrasahs - Ulugbek (it once trained hundreds of students), Tilyalya-Kari, Sherdor - are proof of that. As well as the remains of the structure of the observatory Ulugbek. And why be surprised if in Samarkand the Great Silk Road. And cultural and scientific achievements of the Ancient East and Europe were brought here on the backs of two-humped camels, leaving their mark on the culture and architecture of this city.
Walking through the streets of Samarkand if you cross a certain time barrier, instantly plunging into the atmosphere of the ancient East
. And before your mind's eye are the great ups and downs of this beautiful city
. Architectural masterpieces found there at every step
. Mausoleums of the great Khans and conquerors - Khodja Abdu Darun, Khoja Danier (Mausoleum of St. Daniel) and the most beautiful and revered - Bibi Khanum
. If you believe the ancient legends, she told him to build a beautiful Bibi Khanum in honor of her husband, a gift for his return from a military campaign, and the price for the construction of this majestic building architect appointed kiss the beloved wife of the khan
. Rises majestically above the city mosque
. Another interesting business center Chorsu
. Every street, every crossroads here breathes history
. Numerous guides, which can be hired directly on the Registan Square, gladly tell you many legends and tales passed from mouth to mouth
But no matter how beautiful Samarkand, you will have to leave to go into town without a visit to Uzbekistan who travel can not be considered valid.
Through the saline desert plains lies the road to the blessed Bukhara. More than two and a half thousand years on earth is this ancient city. Any traveler will attract the so-called old part of town. And if you want to get a real idea of the East, you should live in the Old City. The only drawback for those who travel by car may be that this part of the city is closed to vehicles. But in the surrounding area there are a huge number of well-equipped parking lots and garages, where your car will be under heavy guard. And you can fully enjoy the leisure and orderliness in the east.
For those who want a taste of this exotic eastern Bukhara there are the so-called "family hotels", a stylized ancient caravanserais. In addition to the night you will be given the opportunity to taste genuine Uzbek cuisine. Pilaf with raisins, balaza nahot, shurpa, samosa, kaurma Lagman, manta rays and Uzbek real cakes. All to drive mad any gourmet. A oriental sweets and endless tea under the shade of the ancient plane trees - is not leisure bai?
But this is not attractive for travelers Bukhara
. Not even its architectural monuments, skillful creations of architects
. This is truly a blessed city
. According to legend, the world is in the middle of Asia will reign until until Chinara at Labi Hauz fly storks and hatching in its nest
. The atmosphere of peace reigns in the old part of the city, as if time stood still here at the highest rest
. Have you been under the famous blue domed or enjoy the contemplation of spore work chasers on the central square of whether the rapid flashing needles zolotoshveek, embroider zarduzi, or listening to the call of the muezzin from the site Kalon Minaret - you feel like every stone tells you about events that are rich this city
. The majestic walls of the fortress Ark, winter residence of the Emir of Bukhara, forcing tremble with admiration and feel a speck of dust on the background of these ancient walls
. Turning pink in the glow of sunrise Samanids mausoleum wins intricate designs and ornamentation of walls
. A famous Bukhara carpet bazaar! That's really true - place is to buy "souvenirs"
. True, it will cost you dearly
But if you want a real oriental rug, then followed to go to Khiva. True connoisseurs of oriental carpets know - no matter how perfect his design, weavers necessarily admit one mistake in it, so that the beauty of oriental carpet was not perfect. It is absolutely one God. To this day, Khiva masters follow this tradition and allow for inaccuracies in their beautiful creations.
This is only a small part of the beauty that you will see in Uzbekistan. Whatever you are looking for in this country - extreme rest in Kyzylkum sands or uranium pits Uchkuduk, leisurely holiday in the rhythmic clatter of Dafa, or a thoughtful study of the works of ancient architecture - you'll find it all here. A trip to Uzbekistan on the machine will be the most valuable treasure in the bank of your impressions.